Useful Links

Online Legislative Drafting Resources


Afghanistan: National Assembly
Argeninta: Senate
Australia: Parliament
Austria: Parliament
Bangladesh: Parliament
Brazil: Chamber of Deputies
Brazil: Federal Senate
Canada: Parliament
Czech Republic: Parliament
Denmark: Parliament
East Timor (Timor-Leste): National Parliament
France: National Assembly
Germany: Bundestag
Ghana Parliament
Hungary: Parliament
Iceland: Althingi
India: Parliament
India — Maharashtra: Legislature
India — Rajasthan: Legislative Assembly
Iraq: Council of Representatives
Ireland: Parliament
Israel: Knesset
Italy: Parliament
Japan: National Diet
Korea (Republic of): National Assembly
Malaysia: Parliament
Mexico: Chamber of Deputies
Mexico: Senate
Mongolia: Parliament
Mozambique: Parliament
Netherlands: Parliament
New Zealand: Parliament
Philippines: House of Representatives
Philippines: Senate
Russia: Duma
Senegal: Parliament
Singapore: Parliament
South Africa: Parliament
South Africa — Gauteng: Provincial Legislature
Spain: Congress of Deputies
Spain: Senate
Sri Lanka: Parliament
Switzerland: Federal Assembly
Thailand: Parliament
Trinidad and Tobago: Parliament
Turkey: Grand National Assembly
Uganda: Parliament
Ukraine: Parliament
United Kindgom: Parliament
United Kingdom — Northern Ireland: Assembly
United Kingdom — Scotland: Parliament
United Kingdom — Wales: National Assembly
United States: House of Representatives
United States: Senate
United States: National Conference of State Legislatures (links to U.S. state and territorial legislatures)
United States: National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws
Zambia: Parliament

Statutes Online

Afghanistan (Constitutions, Laws, Regulations, International Treaties)
Afghanistan (translated legislative documents)
Australia and states Consolidated Acts
Canada Consolidated Statutes
India Code
Iraq Legislation (Arabic only)
Italy laws
Japan codes
Mexico Federal codes
Mexico state statutes
Mongolia laws
New Zealand Acts
Philippines laws
South Africa Acts
Uganda Acts and Statutes
United Kingdom Acts
United States Code
United States — Alabama Code
United States — Alaska Statutes
United States — Arizona Revised Statutes
United States — Arkansas Code
United States — California Code
United States — Colorado Revised Statutes
United States — Connecticut Statutes
United States — Delaware Code
United States — District of Columbia Code
United States — Florida Statutes
United States — Georgia Code
United States — Guam Code
United States — Hawaii Revised Statutes
United States — Idaho Statutes
United States — Illinois Compiled Statutes
United States — Indiana Code
United States — Iowa Code
United States — Kansas Statutes
United States — Kentucky Revised Statutes
United States — Louisiana Revised Statutes
United States — Maine Revised Statutes
United States — Maryland Code
United States — Massachusetts General Laws
United States — Michigan Compiled Laws
United States — Micronesia Public Laws
United States — Minnesota Statutes
United States — Mississippi Code
United States — Missouri Revised Statutes
United States — Montana Code
United States — Nebraska Statutes
United States — Nevada Revised Statutes
United States — New Hampshire Revised Statutes
United States — New Jersey Statutes
United States — New Mexico Statutes Annotated
United States — New York State Consolidated and Unconsolidated Laws
United States — North Carolina General Statutes
United States — North Dakota Century Code
United States — Ohio Revised Code
United States — Oklahoma Statutes
United States — Oregon Revised Statutes
United States — Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes
United States — Rhode Island General Laws
United States — South Carolina Code of Laws
United States — South Dakota Codified Laws
United States — Tennessee Code
United States — Texas Statutes
United States — Utah Code
United States — Vermont Statutes
United States — Virginia Code
United States — Revised Code of Washington (State)
United States — West Virginia Code
United States — Wisconsin Statutes and Annotations
United States — Wyoming Statutes
Zambia, Laws of

Legal Dictionaries and Other Legal References

Legal Dictionaries


Other Legal Resources


Legislative Drafting Manuals and Aids

Legislative Drafting Manuals



Regulatory Drafting Manuals


Legislative Drafting Process


Computerized Tools for Drafting


Gender References


Legislative Intent


Multilingual Drafting


Plain Language

Professional Responsibilities of Drafters


Punctuation and Indentations


“Shall”, “will”, “may”, and similar words


Specificity in Legislative Drafting


Legislative Drafting Book Reviews


Additional Afghanistan-Related Links

Websites of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Constitutions and selected laws, regulations, and treaties
Official Gazette of Afghanistan (1964 to present)
Pre-1964 Laws and Regulations of Afghanistan


Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Government Ministries

Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry
Ministry of Commerce
Ministry of Communication
Ministry of Counter Narcotics
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Higher Education
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled
Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Ministry of Water and Power

National Assembly

National Assembly of Afghanistan (another site [bad link?])


Supreme Court of Afghanistan
Attorney General’s Office

Electoral Commissions

Joint Electoral Management Body
Independent Election Commission
Electoral Complaints Commission

Other Afghan Government-Affiliated Websites

Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC)
Constitutional Commission
Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS)
Da Afghanistan Bank (DAB, the Central Bank)
Afghanistan Investment Support Agency (AISA)
Central Statistics Office
Afghanistan’s New Beginnings Program
Afghan Election Results
Afghanistan Center at Kabul University
Afghanistan Online Library


Embassy of Afghanistan, Australia and New Zealand
Embassy of Afghanistan, Canada
Embassy of Afghanistan, France
Embassy of Afghanistan, Japan
Embassy of Afghanistan, Malaysia
Embassy of Afghanistan, Norway
Embassy of Afghanistan, Poland
Embassy of Afghanistan, South Korea
Embassy of Afghanistan, United States

Full List of Diplomatic Representations of Afghanistan

United Nations Bodies and Agencies

United Nations Home Page
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
United Nations Development Program (UNDP)UNDP Afghanistan
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) UNHCR Afghanistan
Afghanistan Information Management Systems (AIMS)
Food and Agriculture Program (FAO)FAO Afghanistan
International Labor Organization (ILO) ILO’s NATLEX Database of National Labor Law — Afghanistan
International Organization for Migration (IOM)IOM’s Return of Qualified Afghans Program
United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA)
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)UNICEF Afghanistan
United Nations Development Fund for Women (UN Women)UN Women Afghanistan
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
United Nations Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN)IRIN Asia
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
United Nations Office for Drugs and Crime (UNODC)UNODC Afghanistan
World Food Program (WFP)WFP Afghanistan

Other Foreign and Multilateral Institutions and Agencies

Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
Dutch Development Cooperation — Afghanistan
Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
European Commission (EC)
European Union (EU)
French Foreign Ministry
German Technical Cooperation — (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit) (GTZ)
International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
International Institute for the Unification of Higher Law (UNIDROIT)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID)
United Kingdom Foreign and Commonwealth Office
United States Agency for International Development (USAID)USAID Afghanistan
United States Department of Commerce — Afghanistan Investment and Reconstruction Task Force
United States Law Library of Congress — Afghanistan
World Bank

Media Organizations

Afghan Press Monitor
Al Jazeera
Bakhter Information Agency
BBC South Asia
CNN Asia
Development Gateway—Afghanistan Reconstruction
Eurasianet / Afghanistan
Institutue for War and Peace Reporting
Moby Capital Updates
Newsline Southwestern Asia and the Middle East
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty—Afghanistan Report

Afghan and Foreign Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) and Other Private Entities

Afghan-American Chamber of Commerce
Afghanistan Chamber of Commerce
Afghanistan Digital Library
Afghanistan Reconstruction Project, Center for International Cooperation, New York University
Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU)
Afghanistan Research Group
Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN)
Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR)
American Bar Association (ABA)
Amnesty International
Australasian Legal Information Institute
Center for Afghanistan Studies, University of Nebraska
Finding the Law: Islamic Law / Shari’a
FindLaw: Afghanistan
German Afghanistan Archive, Institute of Development Research and Policy, Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Mediothek fur Afghanistan
Hieros Gamos
Human Rights Internet
Human Rights Watch
Institute for Afghan Studies
International Crisis Group
International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences (ISISC)
Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
Reliefweb Afghanistan
Universität Bern Institut für Öffentliches Recht
University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies — Islamic Law: Afghanistan
University of Michigan Law Library, Afghanistan Law Guide
University of Pittsburgh School of Law / JURIST
Washburn University Law Library